Hypothyroidism is the insufficient synthesis of thyroid hormone necessary for metabolic processes throughout the body. Primary hypothyroidism is a subset of hypothyroidism where the thyroid gland itself is dysfunctional; secondary hypothyroidism is when the problem lays with the communication system from the pituitary gland that normally commands the thyroid gland into action; tertiary hypothyroidism is when there is a similar malfunction of the messaging system from the hypothalamus.
Primary hypothyroidism accounts for approximately 95% of cases compared with less than 5% from secondary and tertiary causes.1 Worldwide, iodine deficiency is the most common cause of primary hypothyroidism. In iodine sufficient countries, autoimmune destruction of the gland (Hashimoto disease) is the leading cause of primary hypothyroidism.
Common symptoms of hypothyroidism can include fatigue, dry skin, cold intolerance, hair loss, concentration problems, constipation, weight gain, carpal tunnel syndrome, and heavy or painful periods.2
Along with a heart healthy, anti-inflammatory nutrition plan, exercise is absolutely critical for hypothyroid patients to maintain a healthy weight, elevate mood, modify cardiac risk, and increase bone density.3 Zinc4 and omega-3 fatty acid5 supplementation have also been shown to reduce the severity of symptoms of hypothyroidism.
At Rocky Mountain Regenerative Medicine, we understand the complexities of diagnosing and treating this very common condition and would love to speak with you further about your specific situation.
- H.C. Villar, H. Saconato, O. Valente, et al.: Thyroid hormone replacement for subclinical hypothyroidism. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. (3):CD003419 2007
- A.P. Weetman, J.L. Jameson: Disorders of the thyroid gland. D.L. Kasper E. BraunwaldA.S. Fauci et al. Harrison’s principles of internal medicine. ed 16 2005 McGraw-HillNew York Chapter 220, Part 14, Section 1
- J. Jonklaas, A.C. Bianco, A.J. Bauer, et al.: Guidelines for the treatment of hypothyroidism: prepared by the American Thyroid Association Task Force on thyroid hormone replacement. Thyroid. 24 (12):1670-1751 2014
- S. Mahmoodianfard, M. Vafa, F. Golgiri, M. Khoshniat, et al.: Effects of zinc and selenium supplementation on thyroid function in overweight and obese hypothyroid female patients: a randomized double-blind controlled trial. J Am Coll Nutr. 2015 1-9
- M. Makino, N. Oda, N. Miura, et al.: Effect of eicosapentaenoic acid ethyl ester on hypothyroid function. J Endocrinol. 171 (2):259-265 2001